Beyond Age and Sex: Enhancing Annuity Pricing

Joelle HY. Fong

Abstract — Prices of standard annuity products in the United States do not currently reflect buyers’ personal characteristics other than age and sex. I show that several readily-measurable risk factors can significantly increase explained variability in mortality outcomes in a proportional hazards framework and use them to construct alternative pricing schemes. Simulation results show that more detailed pricing may help reduce adverse selection in annuity markets because shorter-lived groups are made much better off (and thus enter the market) while longer-lived groups are made only slightly worse off (and thus remain in the market).